It can be said that almost all the traditional games of the Bugis people are carried out after harvest. This is because the harvest time is only done once a year. To fill that long empty time, a variety of games were born that were favored by the people.
Bersepak raga or marraga comes from nama the main equipment of the game, namely the body.
Raga is a kind of ball made of rattan that is split, wrinkled or finely kneaded and then woven. Umumnya is about 15 cm in diameter.
The term raga departs from a review of its function, which is sirag a-raga which means to comfort each other. It is not permissible for a young man to marry if he is still not good at marraga.
The Bugis people are in awe of the shrewd or skilled person playing this game. Such pride can improve a person’s social status in Bugis society.Jenis Game Yang Baru Saja Dikeluarkan Dan Terkenal
At first this game was carried out only by the Bugis nobility. In its development, this game has been carried out by the wider community.
2. Massaung Manuk
Massaung manuk consists of the word saung which means adu and manuk which means chicken. In the past, this game was a favorite of nobles in general and could be watched by the general public.
With regard to the beliefs of indigenouspeoples, it is not arbitrarily the chicken thatis pitted. But those that are well cared for, are carefully and have been given mantara or jampi-jampi.
According to Bugis folklore, in ancient times it was humans who were embraced by kings/nobles as entertainment as well as to get Tobarani (brave).
But later in life, the game was replaced with Chicken because it was considered too cruel andn degrading human dignity
The bugis indigenous people believe that always seeing quarrels and blood will add courage and supernatural powers.
It comes from the word sajang which means to drift or fly. Some Bugis call it Malambaru, derived from the word Lambbaru which means stingray. This naming departs from the similarity of the shape of the main apparatus with stingrays.
Mappasajang is more popularly known by the wider community with the term kite game. Dtailation and its shape are manifold. TheBugis customary community generally uses the shape and pattern of winged animals.
In the past, kites were made of a type of wide leaf that had been dried and then given a rope. After there was paper, the basic material of the kite began to be replaced.
Derived from the word lanca which means to kick using shins, the target is ganca-ganca, which is the part of the foot that is above the heel.
This traditional game has become one of the favorites of the Bugis indigenous people in the series of organizing traditional parties.
This activity is only carried out by ordinary people and is still going on in some remote villages.
At first Mallanca was just entertainment for the nobility, which was later favored by the wider community.
The naming of this game comes from the word dendang which means sound or rhythm. Initially, mappadendang hanya was performed at night when a full moon occurred.
In addition, it is held in certain ceremonies, that is, successful mating and harvesting. Mappadendang is only intended for girls and youth.
Permainan is based on the sound of the pestle hitting the mortar in turn when pounding rice. The sound is then developed by adding weight to the rhythm of the pestle hen on the mortar.
Inthe next f ase, the game was further developed. The rhythm is more regular accompanied by a variety of sounds and movements, even accompanied by dance
These five Traditional Games were once popular, when Bugis was still in the form of kingdoms. However, some people still preserve this game as a post-harvest fun event.
Five Traditional Games that are popular in the Bugis Tribe
It can be said that almost all traditional Bugis folk games are carried out after harvest. This is due to the harvest time which is only done once a year. And to fill a long enough time, various kinds of folk games were born.
Marraga/Mandaga is a Bugis language that in Indonesian known as playing or wearing a body. This naming comes from the type of game equipment used, namely the body.
The term raga comes from the meaning and function of the game, namely siraga-raga means to comfort each other. In ancient times, a young man had not been married if he was not yet proficient in playing the body.
A master of physical games is the pride and admiration of society which means helping to improve a person’s social status.
Raga is a type of ball made of rattan that is split, finely bolted and then woven, generally measuring about 15 cm in diameter.
In the beginning, the game of raga was only carried out by the Bugis nobility, but in its later development it could be done by the wider community.
2. Massaung Manuk
It comes from the word saung which means cockfighting and manuk which means chicken. In the past, this game was a favorite of noble kaun in general and could also be watched by the general public.
In connection with the beliefs of traditional people, the one who is shackled is not an indiscriminate chicken. But those that have been manhandled or jampi-jampi and carefully cared for.
The age of this game is very old and can be found almost throughout the archipelago. According to Bugis folklore, that a long time ago the people who were appointed were human beings, organized by the kings/nobles as entertainment as well as to get the Tobarani (brave).
But in the future because it was considered too cruel and degrading to human dignity, it was replaced with a chicken. Traditional Bugis people believe that by always seeing the match and blood, it will increase courage and power.
It comes from the word Sajang which means to float. Some Bugis call it Malambaru, derived from the word Lambaru, which is a stingray. This naming is based on the shape of the main equipment of the game, which resembles a stingray.
Nowadays it is more populer with the name of the game layang-kite. The ornamental shapes and varieties of kites are various, but the traditional Bugis people generally use animal shapes and patterns.
Historically, the material used at first was a type of wide foliage and had dried and then given a rope. After the use of paper became known, it began to be used as the main material for making kites
Derived from the word lanca, which is to flap using a shin, the target of which is ganca-ganca, which is the part of the foot above the heel.
This game is among those favored by the traditional Bugis people in a seriesof traditional parties.
This activity is only carried out by ordinary people and is still ongoing in some inland villages.
Mallanca was originally just an entertainment for the nobility which was later also favored by the wider community.
It comes from the word dendang which means rhythm or sound. In the past, mappadendang was done at night during the full moon.
In addition, it is organized in relation to certain ceremonies, namely weddings and successful harvests. Mappadendang is only carried out by girls and young men from among ordinary people.
Basically, this game comes from the sound of the collision of the pestle into the mortar that alternates while pounding rice. This rhythm is then developed into a mappadendang by increasing the weight of the pestle impact rhythm to the mortar.
In the next phase, the game was further developed. Amore regular rhythm accompanied by variations in sounds and movements even accompanied by dance
The naming of this game is sourced from the main equipment used in playing, namely Tops. The origin of this game cannot be ascertained to be true, but the most powerful conjecture comes from Sumatra, as suggested by Kauderen and Matthes in his book “Tot Bijdragen De Ethnologie Van Zuid Celebes”. That it is likely that this game originated in Sumatra, then expanded to other areas after Islam through trade relations. Especially in South Sulawesi this possibility is acceptable because there has long been contact with the Malays, especially Sumatrans.
It comes from the Bugis language, Cukke, which means leverage, which thus Maccukke means to play leverage. The cukke game is a seasonal game that is generally carried out after harvest until the time before descending into the rice field and is carried out during the day.
The game was carried out night to morning as a series of mourning events, where the implementation took place until the ceremony of installing bricks and gravestones of the graves of the deceased people who in the Bugis area were called Matampung. Maggaleceng usually lasts for seven nights , 40 nights or 100 nights if the mourning is the king’s family. By looking at the atmosphere of the game, it shows that this game also serves to entertain the bereaved family and during the vigilance so as not to get sleepy. In ancient times, by the traditional bugis people, this game belonged to the sacred type of games, dealing with magical nuances.
5. Massaung Manuk
It comes from the word saung which means cockfighting and manuk which means chicken. It is done to enliven traditional feasts such as weddings, inaugurations of kings, harvest feasts and when drying rice in the field. In the past, this game was a favorite of noble kaun in general and could also be watched by the general public. Among kings sometimes held inter-kingdomal matches, namely by inviting kings around them. In connection with the beliefs of traditional people, the one who is shackled is not an indiscriminate chicken. But those that have been manhandled or jampi-jampi and carefully cared for. The age of this game is very old and is found almost throughout the archipelago. According to Bugis folklore, that a long time ago the people who were appointed were human beings, organized by the kings/nobles as entertainment as well as to get the Tobarani (brave). But in the future because it was considered too cruel and degrading to human dignity, it was replaced with a chicken. Traditional Bugis people believe that by always seeing the match and blood, it will increase courage and power.
It is a kind of game that uses Kaddaro or coconut shells. In ancient times, this game was generally done after harvest and also a leisure time filler in the morning or evening. The game is not based on the background of social stratification and is therefore very popular in traditional societies.
The naming is sourced from the main equipment of the play, namely the Logo (in the form of a hoe). Its hoe-like shape reflects the value of bugis culture that rests on agrarian life. It is usually done after harvest and also at other leisure times. The logo is made of good quality coconut shells and has a triangular shape whose edges are superimposed.
It was originally played at night during the full moon after harvest was over and then it was done at other leisure times. This game is a folk game in general for children in their teens and is sometimes also performed by teenagers.
It is a seasonal game that is after the harvest of pecans, but during the ngelle starch period, which is after the rice is reaped until the next rice field comes down. It is also always held because generally children / teenagers who like to have pecan preparation, especially for shepherd children are used as leisure fillers. This game is a game from the ordinary or small people, where the presence and development of this game is supported by the natural condition of the Bugis people, especially those who live and live in agricultural / plantation areas. The game equipment consists of pecan fruit, which in Bugis is called Pelleng.
Derived from the word longak, which is the name of a subtle creature like a jinn whose body shape is very high, where the word longak is also interpreted as tall or tall. In connection with this naming, DR.B. F. Matthes in his book “Bijdragen Tot De Ethnologie Van Zuid Celebes”, suggests that it is likely that Mallongnga came from the name of a giant. It is a game that is popular with the people in general because it is quite interesting, by looking at the form and how to play, including the types of sports games. In relation to the function of Mallongnga, DR.B. F. Matthes, based on the results of his research, suggested that it was likely that this game was a form of ceremonial performance. In the life of the traditional Bugis community in the past, the implementation of this game is related to magical problems which are certainly inseparable from the beliefs of the religious mystic community. Among other things it can be seen in the functions of the game that are considered an antidote to diseases. If in a village there is a rampant disease, then seven men from the village dressed in white a kind of talqun, Malongak circled the village for seven times with the intention of expelling the evil spirits that caused the plague. In this way they were sure that Longngak, a subtle creature that he considered good, would help them. In later developments, especially after the teachings of Islam became widespread in Bugis society, this religious function did not function anymore, but was carried out only by playing among children and adolescents. Regarding the origin of this game, it is not certain that it is true, because apart from the Bugis area, it is also found in several other areas such as Minahasa and Mongondou in North Sulawesi called Mogilangkadan. The Mori people in Palu and Poso call it Motilako, on the island of Java it is known by the name of Jangkungan and is also found on the island of Buton Southeast Sulawesi and in Sumatra. DR.B. F. Matthes suggested that Mallongnga is also found in the Philippines, Malaysia and Japan. Based on this spread, Matthes estimates that Mallongnga in South Sulawesi is likely from the Philippines through North Sulawesi and Central Sulawesi. Furthermore, Mathhes said it is likely that Mallongnga in Indonesia is older than Hindu culture because it is found in many places that are not influenced by Hindu culture. For example, among the Polynesian people, Mallongnga is one of the important cultures that existed long ago. The game equipment consists of two strong bamboo sticks and is more than twice the height of the body, which is about 3 meters. Regarding the length of the bamboo depends on the level of development of the age and courage of a player.
It comes from the word Jeka which means road. It is a game of society in general because the main ingredients are easy to obtain. The game equipment consists of a whole and strong coconut shell and each hemisphere is in a hole. There are also two rope threads whose ends / lengths are approximately 1.5 meters.
It comes from the word Sajang which means to float. Meanwhile, the Bugis who live in Sidenreng Rappang named it Malambaru, derived from the word Lambaru, namely stingrays. This naming is based on the shape of the main equipment of this game, which resembles a stingray. And today it is more popular with the name of the game laying-kite. The ornamental shapes and varieties of kites are various, but the traditional Bugis people generally use animal shapes and patterns. Historically, the material used at first was a type of wide foliage and had dried and then given a rope. After the use of paper became known, it began to be used as the main material for making kites.
It comes from the word geccik which means to snthet. It is a traditional game that can only be done by ordinary people. Game equipment is grain, generally used is an acid seed.
14. Mappolo Beceng / Mallappo Pinceng
Including the type of folk games for the children’s group. In organizing the game, there is no mixing between men and women. In other words, the male one plays with her fellow and the female also plays with her fellow.
In the Bugis area, the game is popular under the name Massantok, except the Bugis who live in Soppeng call it Maggalantok. Including the type of game that can be done by all groups of people. The presence of this game has a lot to do with the Bugis tribe’s penchant for riding horses. The game equipment consists of a large stone that will be used as a target for the game’s launch and a rather small and flat stone as big as a hand for each player as a throwing tool.
Nowadays, battens are more popular under the name of deer hunting. The traditional Bugis people do it collectively after harvest or at the time when the jagug is almost fruitful. In the past, it was a favorite game of the nobility, where deer were one of the wild animals that were favored because their meat was delicious. as a passion initially arose and was carried out by the nobility as a creative pastime as well as training personal dexterity to deal with the possibility of war. Deer hunting is also used to find tough and agile Tobarani seedlings.
Mattojang is the naming of the game in the Bugis area, derived from the word tojang. In other Bugis languages it is called Mappare, derived from the word pere. The words Tojang and pere have the same meaning, namely swing. In this case what is meant by this game is a swing or swinging game. In general, Mattojang is organized in order to enliven certain parties, namely the harvest party, wedding and the birth of a baby. In traditional Bugis society, the game is organized by nobles/kings or traditional rulers. The presence of this game is not biased to be separated from the beliefs of the ancient Bugis people. According to the myth behind the holding of the game that it was intended to recall the procession of the first human being, Batara Guru, from Boting Langiq or kayangan to earth. He was lowered to earth with a tojang pulaweng or golden swing. It is this Batara Guru who is considered the ancestor of man and is the grandmother of Sawerigading, a legendary figure famous in bugis folk myths. Then it develops in the form of a game as a sign of gratitude for the successful harvest. According to Kauderen, the swing game probably originated in Java which began to enter and develop in Indonesia along with the arrival of Hindu influence. This is based on the similarity of the timing of its implementation and the way it is implemented, both in Java and in India. The ancient Mattojang equipment consists of two coconut sticks or bamboo betung with a height of approximately 10 meters for swing poles. The rope made of buffalo skin was wrapped around and was slightly shorter in length than the swing pole. Tudangeng is a seat made of wood. Peppa is a swing pulling device made of rattan or coir rope that is 3-4 meters long, where one end of the peppa is hooked to the bottom of the array. Mattojang is performed by a minimum of 3 people. A swinging man and two people who pulled and swung back and forth one after another. This swing is called Padere.
It comes from the word dendang which means rhythm or sound. In the past, mappadendang was done at night during the full moon. In addition, it is organized in relation to certain ceremonies, namely weddings and successful harvests. Mappadendang is only carried out by girls and young men from among ordinary people. Basically, this game comes from the sound of the collision of the pestle into the mortar that alternates while pounding rice. This rhythm is then developed into a mappadendang by increasing the weight of the pestle impact rhythm to the mortar. In the next phase, the game was further developed, where the rhythm was more regular accompanied by variations in sounds and movements even accompanied by dance.
19. Makkurung Manu
It comes from the word kurungeng which means confinement and manuk which means chicken. So what is meant is the game of confining chickens. The naming of the game is more symbolic. Including the type of folk games for the children’s group. At first it was just a stealth game. However, because of the belief of the people in the past that many of the missing children were hidden by a subtle creature called nasobbu talimpau. So in general, children are prohibited from playing stealthily at night. Then came the game Makkurung Manuk which was considered more practical and useful.
Maggunreco is the naming of this game in the Bugis area in general. In the Bugis Sidenreng area Rappang is better known as Majepe or Attele. This game is performed during a family of mourning, that is, on the first night the body is buried until certain times, such as the seventh, fortieth and hundredth nights. The duration of the game depends on the degree of nobility and material ability of a person. In the traditional Bugis society, this game is only held when the mourning is a noble class. As for what plays can be done by anyone without restrictions on one’s social status. The highlight of this event was in the evening of the fortieth evening. Towards the next day, a Mattampung ceremony was held, namely the preparation of bricks and permanent tombstones. Its implementation is closely connected with the belief of the traditional Bugis people, that the person who died before forty days and forty nights, was still around his home and family. Only then did the spirit san go to his everlasting place. Thus, the culmination of the event held on the fortieth night was a farewell so that his spirit’s journey would be safe. At first the game was religious in nature, abstinence was performed on other days because it invited death. But with the entry of Islam, this game was then carried out at any time.
It comes from the word sempek which means football. Thus what is meant is the game of flapping each other or competing using legs. It is held at traditional feasts or ceremonies, for example, harvesting, weddings, inaugurations of kings and sometimes performed to fill leisure time. In traditional Bugis society, this game was only performed by slaves (ata’). In the beginning, the organization of this game was just a prank from the nobility to entertain themselves by pitting his servants. In the future it developed into a game that was favored by the general public.
Derived from the word lanca, which is to flap using a shin, the target of which is ganca-ganca, which is the part of the foot above the heel. This game is among those favored by the traditional Bugis people in a series of traditional feasts and is only carried out by slaves (ata’). As was the case with Massempek, mallanca was originally just an entertainment among the nobility which was later also favored by the wider community.
It comes from the word mencak which means pencak or silat. So what is meant is a martial arts game. Performed at traditional parties/crowds organized by a family as well as other traditional ceremonies organized by the community. The origin of the game is thought to be from the Malay Peninsula through Sumatra, with the intercession of the Malays who dated to South Sulawesi in the past. It is based on its naming which is also called Silak Melayu or Silat Melayu
It comes from the word cubbu which means stealth, or in other words Maccubbu means to play stealth. Included in this game are Mallojo-lojo, Enggo, Mappajolekka and Mallonci. In ancient times, it was played on the full moon, at which time children came out of the house playing with joy. It is a folk game that is very much liked by children.